氣候變化使海浪更強力
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-01-17 08:50 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
The ocean waves are getting stronger as a result of climate change, which might pose dangers for coastal1 communities in the future, according to a latest study published in the scientific journal Nature.
 
科技期刊《自然》上發表的最新研究顯示,海浪因氣候變化變得更強力,這將可能對沿海社區構成危險。
 
Researchers found that waves have increased in strength by 0.41 percent per year since 1948, and this change is correlated with the increasing sea-surface temperatures.
 
This relationship is important, as it shows that "global wave power can be a potentially valuable indicator2 of global warming, similarly to carbon dioxide concentration, the global sea level rise, or the global surface atmospheric3 temperature," said director of research at the Environmental Hydraulics Institute at Spain's University of Cantabria, and co-author of the new study, Inigo J. Losada.
 
While the study reveals a long-term trend of increasing wave energy, the effects of this increase are particularly apparent during the most energetic storm seasons, as occurred during the winter of 2013-2014 in the North Atlantic, which impacted the west coast of Europe, or the devastating4 2017 hurricane season in the Caribbean, which offered a harsh reminder5 of the destructive power and economic impacts of coastal storms, said the study.
 
Researchers hope the findings could provide a more complete understanding of the dangers faced by coastal communities in the coming decades.
 
"Our results indicate that risk analysis neglecting the changes in wave power and having sea level rise as the only driver may underestimate the consequences of climate change and result in insufficient6 or maladaptation," said co-author Fernando J. Mendez, associate professor at the University of Cantabria.
 
The findings may alert governments to better protect populations and infrastructure7 such as ports and harbors by building coastal defenses.


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1 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
參考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蝕著岸邊的巖石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.該國將加強沿海地區的防御。
2 indicator i8NxM     
n.指標;指示物,指示者;指示器
參考例句:
  • Gold prices are often seen as an indicator of inflation.黃金價格常常被看作是通貨膨脹的指標。
  • His left-hand indicator is flashing.他左手邊的轉向燈正在閃亮。
3 atmospheric 6eayR     
adj.大氣的,空氣的;大氣層的;大氣所引起的
參考例句:
  • Sea surface temperatures and atmospheric circulation are strongly coupled.海洋表面溫度與大氣環流是密切相關的。
  • Clouds return radiant energy to the surface primarily via the atmospheric window.云主要通過大氣窗區向地表輻射能量。
4 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毀滅性的,令人震驚的,強有力的
參考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.這是20年來破壞性最大的風暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情確實會對婚姻造成毀滅性的影響。
5 reminder WkzzTb     
n.提醒物,紀念品;暗示,提示
參考例句:
  • I have had another reminder from the library.我又收到圖書館的催還單。
  • It always took a final reminder to get her to pay her share of the rent.總是得發給她一份最后催繳通知,她才付應該交的房租。
6 insufficient L5vxu     
adj.(for,of)不足的,不夠的
參考例句:
  • There was insufficient evidence to convict him.沒有足夠證據給他定罪。
  • In their day scientific knowledge was insufficient to settle the matter.在他們的時代,科學知識還不能足以解決這些問題。
7 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部構造,下部組織,基礎結構,基礎設施
參考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加強科學基礎設施建設。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加強文化基礎設施建設,發展各類群眾文化。
TAG標簽: climate energy waves
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